Laws in the United States are the primary responsibility of the local police force and the sheriff’s department, while the state police provide a wider service. Federal agencies such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the U.S. Marshals Service have special tasks. In the United States, there are four legal sources, namely constitutional law, administrative law, statutes (official law written in the state), and common law (including case law).
The United States is a federal constitutional republic comprising fifty states and a federal district.
Although the United States and Commonwealth countries inherit traditional customary law, from the British legal system, American law is strongest in many ways. This is because the legal system is disconnected from the British legal system because of the country’s independence revolution, and after that it develops independently of the British Commonwealth law system.
Law enforcement in the United States is the primary responsibility of the local police department and the sheriff’s department, while state police provide a wider service. Federal agencies such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and U.S. Marshals Service have special tasks. At the federal and almost statewide levels, the legal system used is a common law adopted from English law.
America is a country that has a unique and complicated criminal justice system. In addition to the different legal systems, the state forms also greatly affect the criminal justice system in America. Compared to Britain as one of the Anglo Saxon or Common Law System countries, the American criminal justice system looks more complicated. One that makes the American criminal justice system seem complicated is that each state has its own form of criminal justice system, and no state has the same criminal justice system as any other state.
US prosecutors are called State Attorney, District Attorney and United States Attorney representing the government in the criminal justice system in America. Public prosecutors are elected or appointed officials holding top ranks in law enforcement communities. Often the prosecutor is responsible for all coordination relating to criminal justice activities representing the government. The Public Prosecutor plays the most important role in the US criminal justice system.
The AGO is under the authority of the United States Department of Justice and is part of the executive power led by a United States Attorney General. Despite being in the executive area, the AGO works at all levels of the judicial process, from the lower courts to the highest state and federal appeals courts.
Although America is a country that has a historical relationship with Britain, but between England and America has a slightly different criminal justice system. The criminal justice system in America is complicated; there is no standard form of criminal justice system in America because every state has its own judicial system, although in general there are similarities.
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